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Learn more about the latest development in the fields of indoor positioning, indoor navigation and indoor tracking.


Getting the Most out of Bluetooth Beacons: Angle of Arrival Technology

Getting the Most out of Bluetooth Beacons: Angle of Arrival Technology

Angle of Arrival (AoA) is an emerging technology that indicates the direction of the signal sources and allows for advanced beacon-based asset tracking solutions.


Since there is a growing need to understand the location of persons or objects within buildings, the use of indoor positioning technologies has grown in industries such as logistics, automotive, healthcare and retail. In many cases, real-time locating systems (RTLS) utilize Bluetooth Low Energy (BLE) beacons. Despite their popularity due to their simplicity (inexpensive, long battery life), beacons are not suitable for all use cases. For many applications in the field of asset or person tracking, the accuracy of less than 8 meters is not precise enough. For example, implementing a beacon-based system enables you to know what section of a warehouse an item is in, but not the exact shelf or rack position. There is an emerging technology that solves this problem and opens up opportunities for numerous use cases – the Angle of Arrival (AoA) technology.

infsoft 360° Antennas

AoA technology has spurred a new way about how to calculate location and is enabled through infsoft 360° Antennas. These receiver antennas detect the radio signals emitted by any mobile 2.4 GHz transmitter (e.g. beacon) that is in range. Based on the angle and distance determined, it is possible to calculate the position of an object equipped with such transmitter with an accuracy of 1 to 3 meters. This makes server-based BLE solutions a favorable alternative to cost-intensive Ultra-wideband (UWB) applications – as long as no centimeter accuracy is required. In comparison to using UWB tags, a beacon-based tracking system utilizing AoA technology can be set up at reduced costs (due to a much lower price per asset) and offers the advantage of a longer battery lifetime. In addition, beacons convince through their high scalability and portability.

infsoft infographic: Angle of Arrival measurement using infsoft 360° Antennas

Functionality and Applications

infsoft 360° Antennas deployed in the area of interest detect incoming signals from a mobile transmitter operating on 2.4 Ghz (e.g. BLE beacon, Wi-Fi-enabled smartphone). The antenna submits the scan data via USB port to an infsoft Locator Node. From there, the data are sent to the infsoft LocAware platform®, where the device’s position is computed.

Practical applications of this technology can include tracking systems in logistics, for example, which can make a decisive contribution to maximizing warehouse operations. When using AoA in conjunction with beacons with a built-in barometric pressure sensor, the positioning system is so precise that not only the shelf, but also the exact rack position in which an item is located can be determined. A solution like this enables precisely locating goods and revealing empty shelf spaces, supporting pickers in making optimal route and picking order decisions. As a result, workers can save time and increase pick rates.

3D infographic: tracking system using Angle of Arrival measurement

Are you interested in the Angle of Arrival technology? Don’t hesitate to contact us – we are happy to answer any questions that you may have.

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Great introduction to the topic of indoor positioning

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